Crohn’s disease is a disorder that causes chronic inflammation of the tissue lining the digestive system.
It is a hereditary disease and can occur in people of all age groups, but it’s most common in people between the ages of 20 and 30.
The symptoms of Crohn’s disease can vary in intensity, from mild to severe. They tend to be intermittent with flare-up periods.
Primary symptoms of Crohn’s Disease include:
Other symptoms include:
The exact cause of Crohn’s disease is unknown, except for theories that suggest the mechanism of the disease. One leading theory suggests that it is an autoimmune disorder or abnormal functioning of the immune system. As a result, the white blood cells accumulate in the intestinal lining causing chronic inflammation and ulceration. However, it is not clear whether an autoimmune disorder is a cause or a result of the Crohn’s disease.
Your physician can diagnose the condition based on careful physical examinations and diagnostic tests such as:
The objectives of treatment for Crohn’s disease are to relieve symptoms of inflammation such as:
And to make up for the nutritional deficiencies.
The treatment options include:
In most of the cases, the treatment includes combinatorial approach and for longer periods with regular follow-up visits.