Hemorrhoids are a very common condition in which blood vessels of the anus and rectum become swollen from increased pressure, similar varicose veins in the legs.
They become more common as we age and may run in families.
There are two kinds of hemorrhoids:
The most common symptom associated with hemorrhoids is minor rectal bleeding, and aren’t typically painful.
While the exact cause of hemorrhoid bleeding is unknown, it seems to be related to:
They develop from an increase in pressure in the lower rectum and are more likely to occur as you age.
Some factors that can increase their likeliness are:
External hemorrhoids may be easily visible, internal hemorrhoids may be found using diagnostic procedures.
These procedures include:
Common treatments to alleviate hemorrhoid symptoms include:
Treatment for reduction of hemorrhoid size include:
Surgery to remove hemorrhoids may be required in severe cases or if symptoms persist despite rubber band ligation, coagulation or sclerotherapy.